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Location Griquatown: Midway between Groblershoop and Kimberley on the N8 

Region: Karoo

Nearby Towns: Postmasburg, Campbell, Douglas, Prieska, Delportshoop, Groblershoop

The Mary Moffat Museum 

In 1803, the London Missionary Society extended its mission north of the Orange River among a mixed community consisting of members of a Chaguriqua tribe and ‘bastaards’ (of mixed origin) from Piketberg, and local tribes like the Koranna and Tswana. 

Their leaders were Adam Kok II and Andries Waterboer. In 1813, at the instigation of Rev John Campbell, the ‘bastaards’ renamed themselves Griqua, and the place called Klaarwater became Griquatown.

Disputes between the two leaders led to the Kok faction leaving Griquatown for Philippolis and Kokstad. When diamonds were discovered the Griqua were one of the parties claiming that the Diamond Fields lay within their territory. 

The Keate arbitration awarded the area to Waterboer, who immediately sought Crown protection. This led to the colony of Griqualand West, which was later to be annexed to the Cape Colony. The first council chamber of the Griqua, and the execution tree where Waterboer hanged criminals, can be seen in Water Street. Griquatown is known for its semiprecious stones, tiger’s eye and jasper. The town is a centre for stockbreeding.

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 Explore Griquatown

Mary Moffat Museum 
The building dates from 1826 and was a mission church. The museum was named after Mary, daughter of Robert Moffat, who married Dr. Livingstone. A pulpit used by Moffat, Waterboer and Livingstone can be seen here.
Andries Waterboer's Grave 
Two cannons, 'old Niklaas' and 'old Grietjie', gifts from Queen Victoria, are guarding his resting place.